• 2019 May 21 15:33

    UN agency pushes forward on shipping emissions reduction

    IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) pushed forward with a number of measures aimed at supporting the achievement of the objectives set out in the initial IMO strategy on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ships, in line with the Paris Agreement under UNFCCC and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

    The MEPC 74 session (13-17 May) approved amendments to strengthen existing mandatory requirements for new ships to be more energy efficient; initiated the Fourth IMO GHG Study; adopted a resolution encouraging cooperation with ports to reduce emission from shipping; approved a procedure for the impact assessment of new measures proposed; agreed to establish a multi-donor trust fund for GHG; and agreed terms of reference for the sixth and seventh intersessional working groups to be held in November 2019 and in March 2020 respectively in order to expedite the work.

    Also discussed were possible candidate short-term, mid- and long-term measures aiming at reducing GHG emissions from ships, to be further considered at next sessions.

    The MEPC approved, for adoption at the next session in April 2020, amendments to MARPOL Annex VI to significantly strengthen the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) "phase 3" requirements.

    The draft amendments bring forward the entry into effect date of phase 3 to 2022, from 2025, for several ship types, including gas carriers, general cargo ships and LNG carriers. This means that new ships built from that date must be significantly more energy efficient than the baseline.

     For container ships, the EEDI reduction rate is enhanced, significantly for larger ship sizes, as follows:
     For a containership of 200,000 DWT and above, the EEDI reduction rate is set at 50% from 2022
     For a containership of 120,000 DWT and above but less than 200,000 DWT, 45% from 2022
     For a containership of 80,000 DWT and above but less than 120,000 DWT, 40% from 2022
     For a containership of 40,000 DWT and above but less than 80,000 DWT, 35% from 2022
     For a containership of 15,000 DWT and above but less than 40,000 DWT, 30% from 2022

    The MEPC also agreed terms of reference for a correspondence group to look into the introduction of a possible "phase 4" of EEDI requirements.

    The terms of reference for the Fourth IMO GHG Study were agreed and the tendering process will begin with an invitation to tender issued shortly. The IMO Secretariat will issue a circular letter for procuring the services of the contractor.

    The study will include:

     Inventory of current global emissions of GHGs and relevant substances emitted from ships of 100 GT and above engaged in international voyages. The inventory should include total annual GHG emission series from 2012 to 2018, or as far as statistical data are available.

     GHGs are defined as the six gases initially considered under the UNFCCC process: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). The inventory should also include other relevant substances that may contribute to climate change, including Black Carbon (BC).

     Estimates of carbon intensity (estimates of world fleet's CO2 emissions per transport work, from 2012 to 2018, or as far as statistical data are available).

     Possible estimates of carbon intensity of international shipping for the year 2008 (the baseline year for the levels of ambition identified in the Initial Strategy).

     Scenarios for future international shipping emissions 2018-2050

    A Steering Committee will be established to act as a focal point for MEPC, to review and monitor progress and confirm that the Study meets the terms of reference. It is intended that the work could begin in Autumn 2019, with a view to the final report of the Study being submitted to MEPC 76, to be held in Autumn 2020. (The previous, Third IMO GHG Study, was published in 2014).

    MEPC adopted resolution MEPC.323(74) on Invitation to Member States to encourage voluntary cooperation between the port and shipping sectors to contribute to reducing GHG emissions from ships.

    This could include regulatory, technical, operational and economic actions, such as the provision of: Onshore Power Supply (preferably from renewable sources); safe and efficient bunkering of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels; incentives promoting sustainable low-carbon and zero-carbon shipping; and support for the optimization of port calls including facilitation of just-in-time arrival of ships.

    The MEPC approved the Procedure for assessing impacts on States of candidate measures for reduction of GHG emissions from ships. The procedure identifies four steps:

     Step 1: initial impact assessment, to be submitted as part of the initial proposal to the Committee for candidate measures;
     Step 2: submission of commenting document(s), if any;
     Step 3: comprehensive response, if requested by commenting document(s); and
     Step 4: comprehensive impact assessment, if required by the MEPC.

    Impact assessments should be evidence-based and should take into account, as appropriate, analysis tools and models, such as, cost-effectiveness analysis tools, e.g. maritime transport cost models, trade flows models, impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP); updated Marginal Abatement Cost Curves (MACCs); and economic trade models, transport models and combined trade-transport models.

    The MEPC agreed to establish a voluntary multi-donor trust fund ("GHG TC-Trust Fund"), to provide a dedicated source of financial support for technical cooperation and capacity-building activities to support the implementation of the Initial IMO Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships.

    The MEPC discussed various candidate short-term measures, including strengthening the energy efficiency requirements for existing ships, speed and other technical and operational measures. In view of the vast number of proposals, the working group focused on how to consider, organize and streamline proposals on candidate short-term measures.

    The intersessional working group session will further consider candidate short-term measure, including concrete proposals to improve the operational energy efficiency of existing ships.

    The MEPC also considered concrete proposals on candidate mid-/long-term measures, in particular measures aimed at encouraging the uptake of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels.

    The MEPC approved the terms of reference for the sixth and seventh meetings of the Intersessional Working Group on Reduction of GHG Emissions from Ships - to be held, respectively, 11 to 15 November 2019 and back to back with MEPC 75 (in March 2020 ahead of MEPC 75, 30 March to 3 April 2020), subject to endorsement by the IMO Council (C122, 15-19 July).

    The intersessional working group will:

     further consider concrete proposals to improve the operational energy efficiency of existing ships, with a view to developing draft amendments to Chapter 4 of MARPOL Annex VI and associated guidelines, as appropriate;

     further consider concrete proposals to reduce methane slip and emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs);

     consider a draft MEPC resolution urging Member States to develop and update a voluntary National Action Plan (NAP) with a view to contributing to reducing GHG emissions from international shipping, and develop associated guidelines, as appropriate;

     further consider concrete proposals to encourage the uptake of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels, including the development of lifecycle GHG/carbon intensity guidelines for all relevant types of fuels and incentive schemes, as appropriate;

     consider the development of further actions on capacity-building, technical cooperation, research and development, including support for assessment of impacts and support for implementation of measures; and  consider other concrete proposals for candidate measures.

    The MEPC requested the Secretariat to continue its well-established cooperation with the UNFCCC Secretariat and its attendance at relevant UNFCCC meetings. IMO participates in the UN Climate Change Conferences, providing updates to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA). The MEPC requested the Secretariat to continue, as appropriate, to bring the outcome of IMO's work to the attention of appropriate UNFCCC bodies and meetings.

    The MEPC noted that information on the ongoing work of IMO would be provided to the SBSTA 50, in Bonn, Germany (17- 28 June 2019) and to SBSTA 51, scheduled to take place during the UN Climate Change Conference in Santiago, Chile (2-13 December 2019).

    The IMO-Norway GreenVoyage-2050 project was launched (13 May), to respond to the need to provide technical assistance to States and to support technology transfer and promote green technology uptake to improve energy efficiency and reduce GHG emissions throughout the maritime sector.




2019 June 17

18:24 USCG saves six people, tows disabled vessel in Port Etches
17:59 Denis Krylov appointed General Director of Gazpromneft-Sakhalin
17:28 China and South Korea agree on ballast water exchange rules
17:04 Mermaid Maritime borrows a loan of USD 65 mln to extend the financing of two vessels
16:41 Neptune Lines welcomes Neptune Galene & Neptune Thalassa after scrubber installation
16:23 DG Termināls invests about 1 million euros during the year
16:17 Finnish ferry getting a diesel-electrical drivetrain system
16:04 MSC Katya R. sets record as largest container ship to boost Costa Rican export links to Europe
15:45 Singapore to host 18th Vessel Efficiency & Fuel Management Summit
15:26 Onezhsky Shipyard launches multifunctional buoy tender for Volga-Baltic Basin
15:04 Hunter Group sells one vessel
14:42 Gdansk, Poland to host 6th Operating Specialist Wind Vessels Summit
14:19 Seatrade Europe conference programme to include Marine Interiors specialist panel discussions
14:12 ClassNK releases amendments to class rules
13:55 Finland hosts an EU–China maritime meeting
13:31 AWT completed stage III of modernization and expansion of the Paskov Terminal
13:24 Average wholesale prices for М-100 HFO down to RUB 16,007 in RF spot market
13:10 The Irish Port of Cork and Port of Amsterdam to collaborate
12:48 Pella Shipyard launches tugboat of project 90600, Sadko, built for Sevmash-Shelf (video)
12:31 Port of Oakland exports up 8.4 percent in May 2019
12:01 North Carolina Ports adopts Vortex port equipment simulator
11:30 MEYER WERFT announces the keel laying for the new cruise ship IONA
11:15 Throughput of port Shanghai (China) in Jan-May’19 declined by 1.3% to 225.91 million tonnes
11:00 Panama Canal issues proposal to modify tolls structure
10:59 Bunker sales at the port of Singapore in Jan-May’2019 fell by 7.7% Y-o-Y to 19.79 million tonnes
10:37 Fincantieri's Muggiano shipyard launches PPA “Paolo Thaon di Revel”
10:21 CMA CGM announces FAK rates from Asia to the Mediterranean
10:01 Brent Crude futures price is up 0.26% to $62.17, Light Sweet Crude – up 0.19% to $52.87
09:38 Port of Singapore throughput in Jan-May’2019 was nearly flat YoY at 261.39 million tonnes
09:19 Diana Shipping commences self tender offer to purchase up to 2,000,000 shares
09:16 MABUX: Bunker market this morning, June 17
09:10 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,085 points

2019 June 16

17:13 DC area agencies to conduct mass rescue exercise off National Harbor
16:05 Boskalis appointed as salvor for both damaged tankers in the Gulf of Oman
15:53 Fincantieri and Naval Group sign a joint venture agreement
13:47 Diana Shipping Inc. announces the sale of a Panamax dry bulk vessel, the MV Thetis
12:47 WSC unveils its hybrid patrol vessel at Seawork 2019
11:41 GasLog Partners LP announces new multi-year charter agreement with Gunvor

2019 June 15

15:44 Wight Shipyard rolls out its new windfarm support vessel concept at Seawork Int'l 2019
13:17 Malta Freeport hosts its first LNG-powered container ship
12:53 Petrobras closes the sale of TAG
11:41 USCG, local partners respond to sailing vessel aground off Magic Island
08:43 Vessel training simulation underway at Tema Port’s new Terminal 3

2019 June 14

18:05 Ole Martin Grimsrud appointed CFO of Aker Solutions
17:44 USCG Cordova FOL crew saves man stranded for three days on Montague Island
17:05 Knud E. Hansen wins two separate contracts for innovative large RoRo vessels
16:41 Hapag-Lloyd to increase rates from North East Asia to Australia
16:26 Murmansk Sea Fishing Port handled 90,300 tonnes of cargo in Jan-May’2019, down 38.7% Y-o-Y
16:05 CMA CGM announces GRR from Asia to South Africa
15:14 “K” Line receives recognition for vessel speed reduction programs in the West Coast of North America
15:00 UK maritime industry leaders debate decarbonization, digital technologies and the future of safety at the annual ABS UK National Committee meeting
14:00 China Railway Container Transport signs strategic cooperation agreement with SITC International Holdings
13:38 Container throughput of Vladivostok Sea Fishing Port in 5M’2019 up 39% YoY to 89,649 TEUs
13:09 Algoma increases its interest in in the CSL International Pool
12:41 Port of Klaipeda (Lithuania) handled 19.77 million tonnes of cargo in 5M’2019, up 8.5% Y-o-Y
12:09 Global Ship Lease announces new charter agreements
11:32 Bunker prices continue going down at the port of Saint-Petersburg, Russia (graph)
11:09 ECSA issues statement on suspected attack on two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman
10:51 France signs up to fishing vessel training treaty
10:30 Zhatai Shipyard to let build up to 10 river ships and scrap at least two ships per year