• 2018 September 20 21:17

    Expert says production declines and geopolitical unrest may push bunker prices up

    The Bunker Review is contributed by Marine Bunker Exchange

    World oil indexes have not had any firm trend during the week: fuel markets are trying to make sense out of both supply and demand questions as well as geopolitical uncertainty. OPEC downgraded demand while the IEA said in a report that supply outages are tightening up the oil market.

    MABUX World Bunker Index (consists of a range of prices for 380 HSFO, 180 HSFO and MGO at the main world hubs), demonstrated insignificant and irregular changes in the period of Sep.13 - Sep.20:
        
    380 HSFO – up from 448.79 to 451.57 USD/MT     (+2.78)
    180 HSFO – up from 494.86 to 495.79 USD/MT     (+0.93)
    MGO        – down from 714.14 to 710.29 USD/MT (-3.85)

    The International Energy Agency (IEA) reported that the oil market is tightening up. Global supply surpassed 100 million barrels per day (bpd) in August, a new record high. Production even rose from OPEC, despite turmoil seen in several member countries. As per EIA, the main reason for the volatility is the ongoing supply losses from Venezuela, combined with the disruptions in Iran related to U.S. sanctions. Venezuela’s production fell by another 40,000 bpd or so, taking output down to just 1.24 million bpd. It may end the year at 1 million bpd or lower. Meanwhile, buyers are already cutting their purchases of Iranian oil ahead of the November 4 deadline.

    OPEC in turn cut its 2019 oil demand forecast because of economic headwinds. The 1.41 mil-lion bpd demand growth forecast is 20,000 bpd lower than last month’s figure.

    China is going to retaliate against new U.S. trade measures after Trump imposed 10 percent tariffs on about $200 billion worth of Chinese imports. The tariffs are likely to limit economic activity in both China and the United States, potentially hitting growth in demand for oil as less fuel is consumed to move goods for trade.

    U.S. sanctions on Iran are set to go into effect in November, but countries have already been slashing purchases. China however has said that it would not stop buying Iranian oil (although Beijing has agreed not to increase its oil purchases from Iran). Between January and August, Iran was sending on average 660,000 bpd of oil to its biggest oil customer. Total Iranian oil shipments for September slumped to 1.3 million bpd through September 13, compared to just above 2 million bpd in August, when Iranian exports started to fall noticeably. Although the shipment gap is unlikely to signal that China has been purposefully scaling back purchases to comply with U.S. pressure to have Iranian oil sales at zero, it could mean that Chinese refiners were looking for better terms for Iranian oil purchases.

    Iran in turn has started to store oil on tankers in the Persian Gulf. Shipments are set to average as little as 1.5 million barrels a day in September according to the preliminary loading program, compared to around 2.8 million barrels a day of oil exports in April and May. Between 2012 and 2016, Iran stored millions of barrels of oil on supertankers because it could not export enough. That practice is making a comeback.

    The protests and riots in Iraq’s oil-rich southern region are flaring up again, potentially posing a threat to lose upwards of 700,000 to 800,000 barrels of production in the country’s record oil export levels. The lack of spare capacity makes such an outage especially worrying.

    U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry said during his meeting with Russia’s Energy Minister Alexander Novak in Moscow last week that the United States welcomes competition from Russia on the global energy markets, but Russia can no longer use energy as an economic weapon. He also confirmed that the U.S. could impose sanctions on Nord Stream 2 and more energy sanctions were being planned. Novak, for his part, said that Russia agrees that energy cannot be a tool to exercise pressure and that consumers should be able to choose the suppliers. Russian minister sees huge uncertainty on the market – how the countries, which buy almost 2 million barrels per day of Iranian oil will act. Russia could step in if the market needs more supply. The country has potential to raise production by 300,000 barrels per day mid-term.

    The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reported on Sep.11 that the U.S. bypassed Saudi Arabia in February to become the second largest global oil producer. It was the first time in more than 20 years that the U.S. out produced Saudi Arabia. Then in June and August, U.S. output bypassed Russia for the first time since February 1999. The EIA also expects that U.S. crude oil production, most of it light sweet crude, will continue to exceed Russian and Saudi Arabian crude oil production for the remaining months of 2018 and through 2019. U.S. production this year is expected to grow 1.31 million bpd to 10.66 million bpd, and 840,000 bpd to 11.5 million bpd next year.

    The South China Sea has been a source of territorial conflict for years, but the Philippines and China are nearing a deal on joint development of natural gas reserves in the region. If a deal is reached, it would be a major win for Beijing as it seeks to extend its claim on territory in the sea, while also clearing some problems towards gas development.

    The global oil/fuel markets remain fragile because of production declines and geopolitical unrest. We expect bunker prices may continue upward evolution next week.



     

     

     

     

     

     

    All prices stated in USD / Mton
    All time high Brent = $147.50 (July 11, 2008)
    All time high Light crude (WTI) = $147.27 (July 11, 2008)




2018 December 15

16:23 MOL Passenger Line receives award for outstanding performance in 'Cruise of the Year 2018'
14:53 CMA CGM to implement GRR for India East Coast-West Africa trade
13:51 CMA CGM announces LSS on services from / to China, Hong Kong and Taiwan
12:44 NYK Cruises receives Grand Prix Award for 2018 World Cruise
11:27 TT-Line places order for RoPax "green" ferry with China's Jiangsu Jinling Shipyard

2018 December 14

18:17 Hapag-Lloyd to increase rates from East Asia to Mexico, Central America, West Coast of South America, Caribbean & Panama
17:48 Petersburg Oil Terminal puts into operation its emergency response team
17:33 Vinalines to open container shipping centre next week
17:30 Fairway adjustment will simplify Elbe traffic control already next year
17:27 Final cruise ship for the year calls to the Port of Gothenburg
17:23 The MV Magda joins the Klaveness Bulkhandling pool
17:16 India’s containerised export up 10% in the third quarter of 2018
17:13 FSL Trust announces newbuilding agreement for the construction of two LR2 product tankers
17:13 Havyard project with Havila Kystruten on hydrogen-powered coastal route operations to receive over NOK 100 million in funding from Pilot-E
16:24 World Fuel Services expands bunker operations in US leading up to 2020
15:57 IMO held training workshops in Cameroon Single Window for Foreign Trade Transactions
14:49 Onezhsky Shipyard lays down self-propelled hopper barge of Project HB600
14:08 Irish Continental Group plc takes delivery of cruise ferry W.B.Yeats
13:55 WMU takes part in Ocean Literacy Conference
13:31 First in industry ADNOC co-loads LPG and propylene onto same vessel in Ruwais
13:10 WMU hosted round table discussion regarding key challenges facing IMO
12:53 Bunker market at the Port of Saint-Petersburg, Russia shows mixed price movements (graph)
12:32 Nordic American Offshore secures contract for its PSV NAO Viking
12:11 Rosrybolovstvo supports 2nd Dredging and Hydraulic Engineering Structures Congress
11:50 Association of Commercial Sea Ports celebrates its 30th anniversary
11:24 Gazprom and Itochu sign MoU under Baltic LNG project
11:06 Scorpio Bulkers announces time charter-out agreement
10:48 Domestic ferry safety exercise conducted in Indonesia
10:25 IMO holds training for managing insecurity in west Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden
10:06 EC adds six new yards to its ‘European List of ship recycling facilities’
09:47 Brent Crude futures price down 0.61% to $61.05, Light Sweet Crude – down 0.4% to $52.37
09:25 GTT notified by HSHI for the tank design of two new LNG carriers for CMM
09:18 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,365 points
08:06 Fincantieri publishes its Sustainability Plan 2018-2022
07:14 Port of Long Beach cargo volume up to 621,835 TEU in November 2018
06:09 Mitsubishi Shipbuilding holds christening ceremony for LPG carrier "LAUREL PRIME"

2018 December 13

18:43 Coal exports via Rosterminalugol hit 19-millionth tonne mark
18:28 Port of Kaliningrad throughput in Jan-Nov rose 4% to nearly 13 million tonnes
18:25 Tideway completes installation of longest AC offshore wind export cable at Hornsea One in the UK
17:49 Hapag-Lloyd to cancel calls at Port of Bremerhaven
17:25 Building of Johan Sverdrup Phase II begins
17:19 Port of Vyborg 11-month cargo volumes soar 24% to 1.72 million tonnes
17:13 Seabridge first in Belgium to receive the SCA certificate
17:08 Jan De Nul cleans up polluted beaches along the coast in southern France
17:07 Bunker fuel prices at Far Eastern ports close the week lower
17:00 Murmansk Region will improve water safety regulations – Marina Kovtun
16:47 Port of Vysotsk cargo volume in Jan-Nov rises 6% to 16.86 million tonnes
16:36 Maersk Broker Bulk Chartering and NAODAN Chartering
16:30 Murmansk Region Governor is a member of revised State Commission for Arctic Development Issues
16:26 YILPORT Holding wins Port Operator Award at Lloyd’s List Global Awards
16:03 Rosmorport releases RFPs for design of an DF 12/14MW icebreaker
15:49 Jotun and Kansai Paint build relationship to meet marine and protective demand
15:46 Baltic Sea Ports Authority icebreakers assist merchant vessels in the Gulf of Finland
15:21 Containerships receives its first LNG-powered container vessel
14:44 Uncertainty lingers in fuel markets despite OPEC cuts
14:17 Maersk Line receives Containership Operator of the Year award
14:13 Iran-Indonesia to develop port cooperation
13:22 NOIA: U.S. territories need the Offshore Wind for Territories Act
13:12 QPS inks first "Green Loan" with BNP Paribas
12:48 Panama Canal signs agreement with Brazil's Port of Itaqui