• 2018 May 25 17:40

    IMO takes first steps to address autonomous ships

    The Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) endorsed a framework for a regulatory scoping exercise, as work in progress, including preliminary definitions of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) and degrees of autonomy, as well as a methodology for conducting the exercise and a plan of work, IMO said in its press release.

    The International Maritime Organization (IMO) – the global regulatory body for international shipping - has commenced work to look into how safe, secure and environmentally sound Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) operations may be addressed in IMO instruments.

    The Organization’s senior technical body, the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC), endorsed a framework for a regulatory scoping exercise, as work in progress, including preliminary definitions of MASS and degrees of autonomy, as well as a methodology for conducting the exercise and a plan of work.

    For the purpose of the regulatory scoping exercise, “Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship (MASS)” is defined as a ship which, to a varying degree, can operate independently of human interaction.

    To facilitate the progress of the regulatory scoping exercise, the degrees of autonomy are organized (non-hierarchically) as follows (it was noted that MASS could be operating at one or more degrees of autonomy for the duration of a single voyage):

     Ship with automated processes and decision support: Seafarers are on board to operate and control shipboard systems and functions. Some operations may be automated.

     Remotely controlled ship with seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location, but seafarers are on board.

     Remotely controlled ship without seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location. There are no seafarers on board.

     Fully autonomous ship: The operating system of the ship is able to make decisions and determine actions by itself.

    As a first step, the scoping exercise will identify current provisions in an agreed list of IMO instruments and assess how they may or may not be applicable to ships with varying degrees of autonomy and/or whether they may preclude MASS operations.

    As a second step, an analysis will be conducted to determine the most appropriate way of addressing MASS operations, taking into account, inter alia, the human element, technology and operational factors.

    The MSC, which was meeting for its 99th session (16-25 May), established a correspondence group on MASS to test the framework of the regulatory scoping exercise agreed at the session and, in particular, the methodology, and report back to its next session, MSC 100 (3-7 December 2018).

    The Correspondence Group will test the methodology by conducting an initial assessment of SOLAS regulation III/17-1 (Recovery of persons from the water), which requires all ships to have ship-specific plans and procedures for recovery of persons from the water; SOLAS regulation V/19.2 (Carriage requirements for carriage of shipborne navigational equipment and systems); and Load Lines regulation 10 (Information to be supplied to the master).

    If time allows, it will also consider SOLAS regulations II-1/3-4 (Emergency towing arrangements and procedures) and V/22 (Navigation bridge visibility).

    The Committee further invited interested Member States and international organizations to submit proposals related to the development of interim guidelines for MASS trials to its next session, MSC 100.

    The list of instruments to be covered in the MSC’s scoping exercise for MASS includes those covering safety (SOLAS); collision regulations (COLREG); loading and stability (Load Lines); training of seafarers and fishers (STCW, STCW-F); search and rescue (SAR); tonnage measurement (Tonnage Convention); and special trade passenger ship instruments (SPACE STP, STP).

    IMO in 2017 adopted Strategic Directions for the Organization, including one on the integration of new and advancing technologies in the regulatory framework - balancing the benefits derived from new and advancing technologies against safety and security concerns, the impact on the environment and on international trade facilitation, the potential costs to the industry, and their impact on personnel, both on board and ashore.

    Speaking at the opening of the MSC meeting, IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim highlighted the importance of remaining flexible to accommodate new technologies, and so improve the efficiency of shipping, “while at the same time keeping in mind the role of the human element and the need to maintain safe navigation, further reducing the number of marine casualties and incidents”.
     
    IMO – the International Maritime Organization – is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.




2019 January 16

16:52 Throughput of Russian seaports in 2018 grew by 3.8% Y-o-Y to 816.5 million tonnes (detalization)
16:31 IMO’s polar communication and navigation equipment guidance to be finalized
16:14 COSCO Shipping Lines launches Ocean Alliance 2019 service products
16:10 Ice restrictions at Passenger Port of Saint-Petersburg come into effect on January 25
16:05 Realogis publishes market report on the letting of logistics properties and industrial sites in the greater Hamburg area for 2018
15:46 Ice restrictions at Big Port of St. Petersburg come into effect on January 25
15:33 Verifavia Shipping cements leadership position for EU MRV and IMO DCS IT system certification
15:22 Throughput of Makhachkala Commercial Sea Port almost doubled in 2018 to 2.5 million tonnes
14:57 Houston, Texas will host the 3rd LNG USA Summit on 26-27 February 2019
14:31 Milan, Italy will host the 2nd Small-Scale LNG Summit on 12 February 2019
13:54 CHARLES ANDRÉ Group and Dunkerque-Port join forces to develop combined transport service from Dunkerque
13:25 Société Générale and MPA Singapore join SEA\LNG Board
12:58 Vladivostok Sea Fishing Port handled 4.54 million of cargo in 2018, up 14% Y-o-Y
12:33 VEB team got acquainted with Zvezda SBC production
12:09 ABS Advanced Solutions and Fleet Management Limited partner on cyber security
11:56 Engineers from Far Eastern Federal University provide scientific support of dry dock construction at Zvezda shipyard
11:30 Bunker prices at the Port of Saint-Petersburg, Russia show no significant changes (graph)
11:09 Port of Oakland cargo volume hit all-time high in 2018
10:52 3 icebreaker escort operations performed in eastern part of Gulf of Finland during 24 hours on January 15-16
10:35 ​IMO Secretary-General highlightes the need to consider seafarer training and standards
10:09 Fincantieri to build a new ship for Regent Seven Seas Cruises
09:57 Brent Crude futures price down 0.02% to $60.57, Light Sweet Crude – down 0.03% to $51.97
09:41 CMA CGM OCEANIA LINES - PAD service to resume weekly rotations
09:16 Baltic Dry Index is down to 1,096 points

2019 January 15

18:18 WMU investigated how the global transport industry will change as a result of automation and advanced technologies
17:52 ASCO Training Center achieved all targets set for 2018
17:27 Sovcomflot provides technical management for Marshal Vasilevskiy floating storage and regasification unit
17:00 Throughput of port Shanghai (China) climbed by 0.07% to 561.29 million tonnes in 2018
15:59 Bunker prices continue going down at the Far East ports of Russia (graph)
15:04 Equinor uses technical expertise from LR to lead a safety study assessment for significant offshore project in Brazil
14:44 Container throughput of port Hong Kong (China) down 5.4% to 19.64 million TEUs in 2018
14:21 ONE achieves container loading records in two consecutive weeks by “MOL TRUST” and “MOL TRADITION”
14:00 Port of Klaipeda (Lithuania) handled 46.58 million tonnes of cargo in 2018, up 7.3% Y-o-Y
13:36 Turnover of DeloPorts’ terminals in 2018 increased by 13% Y-o-Y to 8.7 mln tonnes
13:12 Havyard merges its navigation, automation and power systems services into one brand
12:53 Order portfolio of Zvezda Shipbuilding Complex grew by 42% in IIH’2018
12:30 ABS grants AIP for Neptun’s wind turbine transport vessel
12:01 ZIM’s blockchain based B/L’s initiative: the next phase
11:43 9 icebreaker escort operations performed in eastern part of Gulf of Finland during 24 hours on January 14-15
11:29 Jan De Nul enters into concession agreement with the Government of Bangladesh for the dredging of Payra Port
11:20 CDP, Fincantieri and Snam team up to innovate port facilities in Italy and develop sustainable technologies for maritime transport
10:37 Black Sea Fleet trains for new exercises of Depth 2019 contest
10:04 Brent Crude futures price up 1.19% to $59.7, Light Sweet Crude – up 1.27% to $51.13
09:42 Icebreakers of FSUE Rosmorport assisted 2,026 ships in navigation season 2018-2019
09:19 Baltic Dry Index is down to 1,147 points

2019 January 14

18:00 EU, China and the U.S. needs to support counter-piracy operations in the Gulf of Guinea – BIMCO
17:38 Port of Singapore throughput in 2018 grew by 0.4% Y-o-Y to 630.03 million tonnes
17:06 The new Kvarken ferry will be built in Raumo
16:30 Hapag-Lloyd announces Marine Fuel Recovery Surcharges for North Europe
16:00 Full ban on open-loop scrubbers not yet imposed in China
15:36 China adopted new regulations concerning reporting of fuel consumption
15:12 ABP strengthens business with new steel contract at the Port of Immingham
14:47 ABP: £250m to keep Britain trading through Brexit
14:20 PIL adds Itajai call to Sino South America Service (SSA)
13:59 Average wholesale prices for М-100 HFO up to RUB 13,924 in RF spot market
13:35 Russian Railways: Loading of export cargo bound for domestic ports up 4.5% to 306.5 million tonnes in 2018
13:13 Color Line expands Kiel – Oslo cargo capacity
12:54 Posidonia 2020 promises to be the largest and most versatile in its 50 year history
12:32 IMO helps Member States with sustainability targets
12:11 Crowley’s LNG-fueled ConRo MV Taíno completes maiden voyage to Puerto Rico