• 2018 May 25 17:40

    IMO takes first steps to address autonomous ships

    The Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) endorsed a framework for a regulatory scoping exercise, as work in progress, including preliminary definitions of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) and degrees of autonomy, as well as a methodology for conducting the exercise and a plan of work, IMO said in its press release.

    The International Maritime Organization (IMO) – the global regulatory body for international shipping - has commenced work to look into how safe, secure and environmentally sound Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) operations may be addressed in IMO instruments.

    The Organization’s senior technical body, the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC), endorsed a framework for a regulatory scoping exercise, as work in progress, including preliminary definitions of MASS and degrees of autonomy, as well as a methodology for conducting the exercise and a plan of work.

    For the purpose of the regulatory scoping exercise, “Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship (MASS)” is defined as a ship which, to a varying degree, can operate independently of human interaction.

    To facilitate the progress of the regulatory scoping exercise, the degrees of autonomy are organized (non-hierarchically) as follows (it was noted that MASS could be operating at one or more degrees of autonomy for the duration of a single voyage):

     Ship with automated processes and decision support: Seafarers are on board to operate and control shipboard systems and functions. Some operations may be automated.

     Remotely controlled ship with seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location, but seafarers are on board.

     Remotely controlled ship without seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location. There are no seafarers on board.

     Fully autonomous ship: The operating system of the ship is able to make decisions and determine actions by itself.

    As a first step, the scoping exercise will identify current provisions in an agreed list of IMO instruments and assess how they may or may not be applicable to ships with varying degrees of autonomy and/or whether they may preclude MASS operations.

    As a second step, an analysis will be conducted to determine the most appropriate way of addressing MASS operations, taking into account, inter alia, the human element, technology and operational factors.

    The MSC, which was meeting for its 99th session (16-25 May), established a correspondence group on MASS to test the framework of the regulatory scoping exercise agreed at the session and, in particular, the methodology, and report back to its next session, MSC 100 (3-7 December 2018).

    The Correspondence Group will test the methodology by conducting an initial assessment of SOLAS regulation III/17-1 (Recovery of persons from the water), which requires all ships to have ship-specific plans and procedures for recovery of persons from the water; SOLAS regulation V/19.2 (Carriage requirements for carriage of shipborne navigational equipment and systems); and Load Lines regulation 10 (Information to be supplied to the master).

    If time allows, it will also consider SOLAS regulations II-1/3-4 (Emergency towing arrangements and procedures) and V/22 (Navigation bridge visibility).

    The Committee further invited interested Member States and international organizations to submit proposals related to the development of interim guidelines for MASS trials to its next session, MSC 100.

    The list of instruments to be covered in the MSC’s scoping exercise for MASS includes those covering safety (SOLAS); collision regulations (COLREG); loading and stability (Load Lines); training of seafarers and fishers (STCW, STCW-F); search and rescue (SAR); tonnage measurement (Tonnage Convention); and special trade passenger ship instruments (SPACE STP, STP).

    IMO in 2017 adopted Strategic Directions for the Organization, including one on the integration of new and advancing technologies in the regulatory framework - balancing the benefits derived from new and advancing technologies against safety and security concerns, the impact on the environment and on international trade facilitation, the potential costs to the industry, and their impact on personnel, both on board and ashore.

    Speaking at the opening of the MSC meeting, IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim highlighted the importance of remaining flexible to accommodate new technologies, and so improve the efficiency of shipping, “while at the same time keeping in mind the role of the human element and the need to maintain safe navigation, further reducing the number of marine casualties and incidents”.
     
    IMO – the International Maritime Organization – is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.




2018 June 19

18:06 100 million dollars to link the Nile with Suez Canal Region
17:03 DNV GL partners with the EU and Government of India to bring offshore wind to the Indian market
16:32 CMA CGM deploys its innovative solution for containers tracking, TRAXENS by CMA CGM
16:18 APM Terminals ‘Cool port’ barge service speeds up distribution from Rotterdam
16:02 Multraship acquires an ASD Tug from Med Marine for Terneuzen operations
15:32 Koper remains the most important port for Austria
15:02 CMA CGM announces GRR from East Coast South America to Africa, Gulf and West Coast North of India
14:32 Port of Oakland import volume flat in May 2018
14:25 Europort Romania maintains its position as the premier Black Sea martime event
14:02 British Ports Association comments on new report on Northern ‘Free Ports’ strategy proposal
13:32 Port seeks to double rail volume with Railport Antwerpen
13:02 Rijkswaterstaat awarded Van Oord the contract to dredge Marker Wadden channel
12:32 MOL to make full-scale move into subsea support vessel business by acquiring stake in AKOFS of Norway
12:28 HELCOM Heads of Delegation approve Baltic Sea Action Plan update process and welcome new HELCOM Chair
12:02 Bunker prices continue growing at the Far East ports of Russia (graph)
11:37 Damen and Saab announce partnership to participate on the tender for the Tamandaré Class Corvette
11:34 Saturnus, first vessel in the Evolution series, launched at AVIC
11:09 Marine Technics and Alexeev’s Hydrofoil Design Bureau extend joint projects
10:45 Arctia appoints Senior Vice President for Offshore and Marine Services
10:23 Brent Crude futures price down 0.64% to $74.86, Light Sweet Crude – down 0.62% to $65.28
10:01 Small missile ships of RF Navy’s Caspian Flotilla sail from Sevastopol to Mediterranean Sea
09:40 Rescuers of RF Navy’s Northern Fleet train in rendering assistance to submarine in Kola Bay
09:16 Baltic Dry Index up to 1,442 points

2018 June 18

18:12 Azerbaijan Caspian Shipping Company takes part in TransCaspian/Translogistica 2018
17:57 Legislative amendment promotes automatisation tests in maritime transport with regard to manning and watchkeeping
17:35 First major forum on the new Silk Road organised by the Port of Marseille Fos
17:05 Aker Solutions teams up with SAP for next steps in digitalizing its business
16:45 HMM signs Letter of Intent for its mega containership orders
16:24 Victor Olersky handed in his resignation notice
16:18 European Council extends sanctions on Crimea and Sevastopol for another year
16:05 DryShips announces agreements to sell two older Panamaxes
15:40 Tuapse Commercial Seaport elected seven BoD members
15:33 Poland holds World Maritime Day Parallel Event
15:13 IMO member states must progress on key sulphur cap issues at critical meeting in July
14:59 Average wholesale prices for М-100 HFO down to RUB 17,923 in RF spot market
14:13 Navios Maritime Containers announces acquisition of five containerships and options to acquire four additional containerships
13:35 Maersk launches a new line to the Middle East from Fos
13:00 Aker Arctic demonstrates autonomous vessel in model tests
12:36 ABB to improve Edda Fides floating hotel safety with leading digital technology
11:47 Freeport of Riga Authority and Port of Rotterdam Authority sign cooperation agreement
11:24 Port of Tallinn signs MoU with the City of Tallinn for development of the Old City Harbour area
11:01 Dorian LPG Board declines BW LPG'S unsolicited proposal
10:25 Brent Crude futures price down 0.76% to $72.88, Light Sweet Crude – down 1.73% to $63.73
10:12 Capital Product Partners L.P. announces new period charters for four of its product tankers
10:03 Port of Silloth invests £250,000 in new solar farm on Marshall Dock
09:41 Fishers fatalities give impetus to fishing vessel safety work
09:18 Baltic Dry Index up to 1,445 points

2018 June 17

18:40 Port of Oakland's largest terminal operator OK new lease to 2027
18:38 GoodBulk Ltd. announces delivery of Capesize vessel
18:32 Navios Maritime Partners announces sale of containership and options to sell four additional containerships

2018 June 15

18:35 Hapag-Lloyd implements Peak Season Surcharge from Mediterranean to USA
18:05 Wallenius Wilhelmsen Ocean adds Adelaide on the Australia service
17:54 Throughput of port Kaliningrad in 5M’18 up 12% Y-o-Y to 6.05 million tonnes
17:35 GTT conducts two FEED studies on two types of Gravity Based System
17:20 Throughput of port Vyborg in 5M’18 up 22% Y-o-Y to 610,900 tonnes
17:05 Port of Koper officially part of the New Silk Road
16:40 Yantar Shipyard launches yet another trawler of Project SK-3101R
16:35 Port of Long Beach volume up to 687,427 TEU in May 2018
16:05 Royal IHC joins PortXL
15:45 Throughput of port Vysotsk in 5M’18 declined by 3% Y-o-Y to 7.49 million tonnes